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Green waste means grass clippings, leaves and also tree prunings. Green waste can be deposited at Council's waste transfer stations and is converted to mulch. When leaving green waste at the transfer station it is important to ensure it does not have other general garbage mixed with it.
Home composting is a good way to significantly reduce your household waste. When composted, food waste and garden clippings decompose to make a great mulch for your garden. You can either make your own compost heap in a shady part of your garden or use a compost bin. Compost bins can be purchased at most hardware stores. Items that can be added to compost include:
The compost should be added in layers, with a layer of food scraps ideally being covered with a layer of grass clippings or leaves.
The following items are not suitable for composting:
The compost needs moisture and air to decompose effectively. To achieve this, turn it regulary and make sure it is always kept reasonably moist, without being waterlogged. For further information on home composting follow this link to the Living Greener website.
Worm farms are another way to reduce food and garden waste. Worm castings that result from the worm's decomposition of waste also make an excellent soil conditioner for your garden. As with compost heaps, a worm farm should be placed in a cool and shady part of the garden. The worms need:
This pH level can usually be achieved quite easily by ensuring a layer of green waste or moist paper or cardboard is regularly added with the food waste. Ensure that paper waste is not bleached or contaminated with any chemicals. Newspapers and cardboard from food packaging are ideal. Most hardware stores and garden centres sell worm farms and worms and will give you advice about how to look after them. For further information on worm farms follow this link to the Living Greener website.